1979: Women of the Iranian Revolution
History that Deserves to be Heard • 31m
The Iranian Revolution of 1979, also known as the Islamic Revolution, was a series of events that culminated in the overthrow of the Pahlavi dynasty under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and the replacement of his government with an Islamic republic under the rule of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
The establishment of an Islamic Republic severely impacted the lives of women in Iran. On 8 March 1979, a nationwide radio broadcast announced that women who worked in the public sector should wear a veil. Until then, it was not obligatory in Iran. Many women opposed Khomeini’s declaration but, as a result of government-led violence and oppression, it became the norm. Two years later, it became mandatory for women to wear a coat to cover the body and a scarf to cover the hair when they stepped out of the house; violation of this law was a punishable offence.
Of those who lived in Iran during the Revolution, resisted such invasive laws and were exiled or imprisoned as a result, three woman live to tell the tale. Shahin Navai, Diana Nammi and Nasrin Parvaz all fought for freedom, justice and equal rights in 1979 and continue to do so to this day.
Up Next in History that Deserves to be Heard
Ada Lovelace: Computing Pioneer
Regarded by many as the world's first computer programmer, Ada Lovelace was also the first to envision a world where computers could be used for more than just number crunching. She saw in them the potential to not just solve problems, but create new ideas and even produce music and poetry as we ...
Africa: Written out of History
Historian Luke Pepera looks at how and why the history of Africa was written out of world history. He also explores how and why, as a consequence of this, the history of Africans in Britain was written out of British history.
Fighting Proud: A Gay History of the ...
At the end of World War Two the British public wanted to get back to ‘normal’. The gay men who had served their King and country found themselves subjected to a vigorous enforcement of the draconian law that would put them into prison if they were found guilty of indecency. But servicemen living ...